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42 BKT 9 = Trismegistos 59958 = LDAB 1070



Introduction

This papyrus has been digitally edited by Vincenzo Damiani as part of the Project Anagnosis and the Würzburger Zentrum für Epikureismusforschung

Introduction

Gal. Plac.Hipp. et Plat. 1.7; 2.5 (?). Papyrus codex written on both sides, consisting of 4 fragments: Fragg. A+B (5.6 x 8.3 = P.Münch. 43 A+B) and Frag. D (= P.Berol. inv. 21141) preserve the lower portion of a single leaf (see Hanson 1985, 39ff.); Frag. C (1.2 x 1.1 cm = P.Münch. 43 C) probably belonged to another page. Lower margin survives to a length of 2.3 cm. Traces of kollesis can occasionally be seen in fragg. A + B (recto, ll. 5, 13-6; verso, 5, 12-5). The passage which appears on the major folio is part of Galen’s description of arteries to the lower parts of the body and the legs, an anatomical digression to cap his refutation of Praxagoras’ notion that arteries, as they divide and become smaller, constrict so as to become nerves (Plac.Hipp. et Plat. 1.7). The text of this passage has come down to us in a single ms. (Caius College, Cambridge 47/24 = C apud De Lacy, CMG 5.4.1.2); a comparison of the readings from the papyrus codex with those of C shows a not dissimilar text. In particular the papyrus preserves a better reading at verso, l. 20 [τὰ λελεγμένα, rather than C’s τὰ λεγόμενα]; the other differences between the papyrus and C are neither numerous nor important (see Hanson 1985, 43-44). The script is a small, handsome, round bookhand assignable to the 1st half of the 3rd cent. AD.

DCLP transcription: 59958 [xml]

fragment A+B+D

r
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1[μ]είζο[νες πολλῷ τῆς προειρημένης,]
[ἄ]λ̣λαι δ[ὲ δύο κατ’ἐπιγάστριον καὶ τὰς]
ψόας, κα[θ’ἕκαστον σπόνδυλον ἓν ζεῦ-]
γος ἄχρι [τοῦ πλατέος ὀστοῦ, καὶ μέν γε καὶ]
5εἰς τὰς [μήτρας τε καί ὄρχεις ἐντεῦθεν]
κ[ατ]έρχο̣ν̣[ται καὶ τις ἀζυγὴς εἰς μεσεν-]
τέρι[ο̣ν̣. ἀλλὰ̣ καὶ εἰς αὐτὸν εἴσω τὸν νωτι-]
[αῖο]ν̣ ἀπὸ τῆς μ[εγάλης ἀρτηρίας καθ’ὅ-]
[λη]ν τὴν ῥάχιν ἐμ̣[φύονταί τινες ἀρτηρί-]
10[αι] μ̣ικραί, δύο καθ’[ἕκαστον σπόνδυλον.]
[ἐπ]ε̣[ιδὰ]ν δὲ κατὰ τ̣[ὸ ἱερὸν ὀστοῦν γένηται,]
[σχί]ζ̣ε̣τα[ι] τ̣ο̣ὐντεῦ[θεν ἤδη μεγάλα μέ-]
ρ̣η̣. [κ]α̣ὶ̣ κατ̣έ̣ρχ[ε]ταί τ̣[ις εἰς ἑκάτερον]
σ̣κ̣έ̣λος, ἐ̣ν̣ τῇ παρόδ[ῳ τοῖς καθ’ἱερὸν ὀ-]
15[στ]οῦν ἀποβλαστήμα̣[τα πέμψασα κύστει-]
[τε] κα̣ὶ̣ τῆς μήτρα̣ς̣ [τοῖς κάτω καὶ ξυνελόν-]
[τι φ]άναι τοῖς γεννητικ[οῖς ἅπασι μορί-]
[οις·] οὐδὲν γὰρ ἔ̣τι δέομαι λ̣έ̣[γειν οὐδ’ἐν-]
[ταῦ]θ̣α τὸν τρόπον τῆς διαν̣[ομῆς. ἀπὸ τού-]
20[τω]ν̣ τῶν ἀρτηριῶν ἐπὶ τὰ σκ̣[έλη φερομένων,]
v
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1[τὸν πνεύμονα](*) [τοῖς ζῴοις ἅπασιν] οἷς π[νεύ-]
[μων ἐστίν· οἷς δὲ οὐκ](*) [ἔστιν, εἰς ἕ]τερόν [τι]
[μόριον ἀνάλογον ὑπάρχον πν]νεύμο[νι, κα-]
[θάπερ τοῖς ἰχθύσιν εἰς τὰ βράγ]χια. ταύτην [τὴν]
5[ἀρτηρίαν εἰκάσειεν ἄν τις] τῷ τοῦ πρέ[μνου]
[κάτωθεν ἐν αὐτῇ τῇ γῇ] ενπερι[ -ca.?- ]-
[ -ca.?- ](*) [μέρει τοῦ φυτοῦ· καὶ δὴ κ]αὶ κα[τασχί]ζε[σ-]
[θαι ταύτην μὲν ὡς ἂ]ν̣ εἰς ῥίζας τι[νὰς]
[τὰς κατὰ τὸν πνεύμο]να πεφυκυίας [ἀρ-]
10[τηρίας, τὴν μεγάλην] δὲ τὴν εἰς ὅλον [τὸ]
[σῶμα νενεμημέν]ην οἷόν περ(*) κ̣λ̣ά̣[δο]υς
[ἀπομερίζειν ἑαυτ]ῆς ἁπάσα[ς] τὰς κατὰ τὸ
[ζῷον ἀρτηρίας] ὀλίγ[ο]ν ἔμπροσθεν εἶ-
[πον. οὕτως γὰρἡγο]ῦ̣μαι(*) καὶ τὸν Ἱπποκράτ̣[ην]
15[προσεικάσαντα ῥ]ίζωσιν ἀρτηριῶν ἀποφ[αί-]
[νεσθαι τὴν καρ]δ̣ί̣α̣ν̣ ὥ̣σ̣π̣ερ ἀμέλει τῶν φ[λε-]
[βῶν τὸ ἧπαρ. εἰ]ρήσεται δέ μοι περὶ τῆς ε̣[ἰ-]
[κόνος ἐπὶ πλέον] ἐν τοῖς ἑξῆς, ἐπειδὰ̣ν̣ ὑπ[ὲρ]
[ἥπατός τε] καὶ φλεβῶν ὁ λό̣γο̣[ς] περα̣ί̣[νη-]
20[ται·νυνὶ δὲ ἀρκεῖ](*) καὶ τὰ λελεγμένα(*) πρὸ[ς]
[ἔνδειξιν]
fragment C

r
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1[ -ca.?- ]ε̣γκ̣εφ̣[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]π  ̣μ[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]ν  ̣  ̣[ -ca.?- ](*)
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
v
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1[ -ca.?- ]ν̣α̣  ̣[ -ca.?- ](*)
[ -ca.?- ]α  ̣[ -ca.?- ](*)
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

Apparatus


^ A+B+D.v.1. [πνεύμονα] Hanson 1985, 46 prev.ed.
^ A+B+D.v.2. [οἷς δ’οὐκ] Hanson 1985, 46 prev.ed.
^ A+B+D.v.6-7. l. ἐ̣μ̣π̣ερι[εχ]ο̣μ[έ]|[νῳ]
^ A+B+D.v.11. οἷόνπερ Hanson 1985, 46 prev.ed.
^ A+B+D.v.14. or [ -ca.?- ]ῦ̣μαι (l. [οἶ]μαι)
^ A+B+D.v.20. [νῦν δ'ἀρκεῖ] Hanson 1985, 46 prev.ed.
^ A+B+D.v.20. [λεγο]μ̣ε̣ν̣[α] Manetti 1986, 101 (P.Münch. 2.43) prev.ed.
^ C.r.1-3. or [ -ca.?- εἰ δὲ ἦν ἀπ’] ἐ̣γκ̣έφ̣[άλου ἐκπεμπομένη, οὐκ ἂν διὰ φάρυγγος ἐξε]πέ̣μ[πετο. τοῦτό φημι τὸ λῆμμα μὴ ὅτι τοῦ πρώτου γέ]νο̣υ̣[ς -ca.?- ], or [ἄν τε γὰρ] ἐ̣γκ̣έφ̣[αλος ᾖ τὴν ἀρχὴν τῆς κινήσεως αὐτὸς ἐπι]πέ̣μ[ψει καὶ τοῖς τὸ οὖρον ἐκκρίνουσιν ὀργά]νο̣ι̣[ς -ca.?- ], [ -ca.?- ]ε̣.ε[ -ca.?- ] | [ -ca.?- ]ημ[ -ca.?- ] | [ -ca.?- ]ν  ̣  ̣[ -ca.?- ] Manetti 1986, 101 ((P.Münch. 2.43))
^ C.v.1. [ -ca.?- ]  ̣  ̣[ -ca.?- ] prev. ed.
^ C.v.2. [ -ca.?- ]ν  ̣[ -ca.?- ] prev. ed.

Editorial History; All History; (detailed)

Creative Commons License © Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Notes

  • Fragg. A+B+D, r., l. 9.

    ἐμ̣[φύονταί]: ἐκφύονται C. Compare the similar examples of carelessness by a copier in C, corrected by editorial revision (see infra βρόχια verso, l.4).

  • Fragg. A+B+D, v., l. 2.

    [οἷς δὲ οὐκ] (= C): according to Hanson 1985, 47, considerations of space favor elision here ([οἷς δ’οὐκ]), as below in l. 20.

  • 4.

    βράχια corr. Einarson : βρόχια C.

  • 14.

    [ἡγο]ῦ̣μαι : [οἶ]μαι C. Considerations of space and meticulous orthography elsewhere seem to favor the interpretation of […]ῦ̣μαι as [ἡγο]ῦ̣μαι, rather than as a vulgar spelling of οἶμαι. Nonetheless, the interchange of οι and υ is admittedly “the most frequent interchange in the [documentary] papyri next to the interchanges of ει with ι and of αι with ε” (Gignac 1976, 197-9). See Hanson 1985, 47.

  • 20.

    [νυνὶ δὲ ἀρκεῖ] (= C): contra Hanson 1985, 47 ([νῦν δ’ἀρκεῖ]).

  • Frag. C, r., ll. 1-3.

    [εἰ δὲ ἦν ἀπ’] ἐ̣γκ̣έφ̣[άλου ἐκπεμπομένη, οὐκ ἂν διὰ φάρυγγος ἐξε]πέ̣μ[πετο. τοῦτό φημι τὸ λῆμμα μὴ ὅτι τοῦ πρώτου γέ]νο̣υ̣[ς -ca.?- ]: see Gal. 2.5 (5, 244.18-245.1 K). [ἄν τε γὰρ] ἐ̣γκ̣έφ̣[αλος ᾖ τὴν ἀρχὴν τῆς κινήσεως αὐτὸς ἐπι]πέ̣μ[ψει καὶ τοῖς τὸ οὖρον ἐκκρίνουσιν ὀργά]νο̣ι̣[ς -ca.?- ]: see Gal. 2.5 (5, 248.15-7 K).