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23 P. Münch. 2 = Trismegistos 59971 = LDAB 1083



Introduction

Explicit of the fourth book from the Chirurgumena of Heliodorus. Four papyrus fragments (fr. A: 2,2 x 1,9; fr. B: 1,6 x 3,1; fr. C: 2,5 x 6,7; fr D: 10,5 x 17,1 cm) from a volumen written on the recto along the fibres (the verso is blank); fr. A and C preserve the end of several lines and part of the intercolumnium; it is not sure if fr. A, B and C belong to the same column. Fr. D, which conserves upper (3 cm), lower (1,2 cm) and right (2,8 cm) margins, preserves a whole column of text of 23 lines (9 x 6,5 cm), followed in the lower margin by an underlined and supralined subscriptio specifying the name of the author, the title of the treatise, and the number of book with the monogram of ὑπόμνημα (Ἡλιοδώρου Χειρουργουμένων ὑπ Δ). The text contains some scribal corrections with text added supra lineam (fr. C l. 13; fr. D ll. 16 and 21; perhaps l. 9), three elisions (fr. D ll. 4 and 14) and some dieresis above ι and υ (fr. D ll. 4, 16, 17, 22). The content of fr. D deals with some indications of nosology and therapy in case of damage of sphincter. Due to several reasons (excision, erosion or paralysis, ll. 1-5), the injury causes an involuntary flux of faeces: if it is recent, it could be nurse with astringent cataplasms, otherwise the damage is enduring. The other fragments are so badly preserved that nothing can be said about the subject. The hand, very elegant and quite sloping to the right, is a formal mixed hand; the refinement of the handwriting and the wideness of margins could indicate that the volumen was copied for library keeping. According to paleography, the fragment could be dated to the beginning of the third century AD.

(This papyrus has been digitally edited by Francesca Bertonazzi as part of the Project "DIGMEDTEXT - Online Humanities Scholarship: A Digital Medical Library based on Ancient Texts" (ERC-AdG-2013, Grant Agreement no. 339828) funded by the European Research Council at the University of Parma (Principal Investigator: Prof. Isabella Andorlini). The digital edition is mostly based on the previous editions (ed.pr. = D. Manetti, P.Münch. II 23; ed.alt. = M.-H. Marganne, "Chirurgie", no. 6).)

DCLP transcription: 59971 [xml]

fragment a
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1[ -ca.?- ] σινκαι(*)
[ -ca.?- ] ω̣νειρη(*)
[ -ca.?- ]νον[ -ca.?- ]
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
fragment b
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1[ -ca.?- ]ο   ̣  ̣ [ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]  ̣ν[ -1-2- ]ξι  ̣[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]ν̣ων   ̣[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ] ησπα̣(*) [ -ca.?- ]
5[ -ca.?- ]μενη[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]μ̣ατα̣ιτ(*)[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]ε̣μαση̣[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]   ̣  ̣ [ -ca.?- ]
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
fragment c
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1[ -ca.?- ]   ̣ τα[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]   ̣  ̣υσ[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ] ησπερι̣(*)[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]καιδ̣[ -ca.?- ]
5[ -ca.?- ]ημηκα[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]νεχι[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]   ̣ υσδ[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]ε̣αν   ̣[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]κοηθεις(*)
10[ -ca.?- ]εναγειν
[ -ca.?- ]ν̣γι   ̣ο̣
[ -ca.?- ]επ̣ι̣ε̣α̣
[ -ca.?- ] \σ/ροσα(*)
[ -ca.?- ]   ̣ντες
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
fragment d
τ̣ῆς φύσεως(*) γεγενημένος σφ[ι]γκτήρ
ὁ̣τὲ μὲν ἀνεπιστημόνως ἐκτμη-
θ̣εις ὁτὲ δὲ παθητικῶς ἀναβρωθείς
ἔσθ’ ὁτὲ δὲ καθ’ἱ(*)δίαν ἢ καὶ σὺν ἑτέ-
5ροις μέρεσι παραλυθεὶς ῥυάδα ποιεῖ
  ̣ [  ̣  ̣  ̣]ς(*) ἕνεκα τῆς ἀδιορθωσίας. εἰ χρή
[ -ca.?- ]   ̣θως(*) ἀποκριθῆναι τῶν τῆς
[ -ca.?- ](*) [βο]η̣θημάτων μεῖζον, ὅθεν
[ -ca.?- θ]ε̣ραπείας βεβαια
10[ -ca.?- ]ρήσεως(*) ἀναγκαια
[ -ca.?- ]   ̣ μην(*) ἢ τὴν ἀνά-
[ -ca.?- ]   ̣(*) δύναταί ποτε τοῦ
[ -ca.?- ](*) [κ]ρατῆσαι. πῶς γάρ
[ -ca.?- ]υθ(*) ὁ παραλυθεὶς καὶ
15[ -ca.?- ](*) [πα]ραλύσεως ἤδη χρο-
[ -ca.?- ](*) ἡ \γὰρ/(*)(*)πόγους κατα-
[ -ca.?- ](*) κ̣ον ἴ(*)σως τοῖς στύφου-
[σι -ca.?- ]   ̣ καὶ προσαντλήμα-
[ -ca.?- ](*) καὶ τὸν περὶ τοῦ προ-
20[ -ca.?- ]ν(*) ἐπελθόντες ἐν-
[ -ca.?- ]  ̣ ο̣μεν(*) τὸ τ\έταρ/τον(*) τῆς
[ -ca.?- ]ε̣νης(*) πραγματείας ὑ(*)-
[πόμνη]μα ((dicolon)) ―
24,minf Ἡλιοδώρου
25,minf Χε̣ι̣ρουργουμέ
26,minf νων ὑπ(όμνημα) δ

Apparatus


^ a.1. or σιν και
^ a.2. or [τ]ῶν εἰρη[μένων]
^ b.4. or ης πα̣
^ b.6. or μ̣ατα̣ι τ, or νατα̣ι τ
^ c.3. or ης περι̣
^ c.9. or [ -ca.?- κα]κοήθεις
^ c.13. corr. ex προσα
^ d.1. or ὁ ἔξω | τ̣ῆς φύσεως, or ὅταν ᾖ ἔξω | τ̣ῆς φύσεως
^ d.4. καθ’ϊδιαν papyrus
^ d.6. or ἀ̣[υτῆ]ς, [αἰτία]ς Marganne
^ d.7. or [ἀπα]θῶς, or [εὐή]θως
^ d.8. or [ῥυάδος], or [νόσου]
^ d.10. or [ἐγχει]ρήσεως, or [συντη]ρήσεως
^ d.11. or [διὰ τὴν τ]ο̣μὴν, [διὰ τὴν ἐκτ]ομὴν Marganne
^ d.11-12. or ἀνά|[βρωσιν -ca.?- οὐ], ἀνά|[βρωσιν ὁ παθὼν -ca.?- ο]ὐ Marganne
^ d.13. [σφιγκτῆρος -ca.?- ] Marganne
^ d.14. or [ἀν -ca.?- το]ῦθ’, [ἀν ποιοῖτο -ca.?- το]ῦθ’ Marganne
^ d.15. [ἐκτμηθεὶς -ca.?- ] Marganne
^ d.15-16. or χρο|[νιζομένης], or χρο|[νίης]
^ d.16. corr. ex ⟦δη⟧
^ d.16. ϋπογουσ papyrus
^ d.16-17. or κατά|[ρρηξις], or κατα|[φορὰ], κατά|[ληψις] Marganne
^ d.17. ϊσωσ papyrus
^ d.18-19. or [καταπλάσμασι τ]ε̣ καὶ προσαντλήμα|[σι -ca.?- ]
^ d.19-20. or προ|[ -ca.?- λόγο]ν, προ|[κειμένου -ca.?- λόγο]ν Marganne
^ d.20-21. or ἐν|[ταῦθα ἀνύ]τ̣ο̣μεν, or ἐν|[ταῦθα καταπα]ύ̣ọμεν, ἐν|[ταῦθα καταπαύ]σ̣ο̣μεν Andorlini
^ d.21. corr. ex τ⟦ησχ⟧τον
^ d.22. or [προκειμ]έ̣νης, or [χειρουργουμ]έ̣νης
^ d.22. ϋ papyrus

Editorial History; All History; (detailed)

Creative Commons License © Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Notes

  • c.10..

    According to Manetti, maybe ]εν ἄγειν is better than ]ἐνάγειν, because the verb ἐνάγειν is not usual in medical technical language.

  • d.4..

    ἔσθ’ ὁτὲ is equivalent to ἔστιν ὅτε (Marganne); ἱδίαν with rough breathing is a typical characteristic of the koiné and it is well attested also in late prose.

  • d.6..

    ἀδιορθωσίας is an hapax, therefore the adjective ἀδιόρθωτος is well attested.

  • d.9..

    According to Marganne, βεβαια could be the feminine ablative singular (βεβαία) or the neuter accusative plural (βέβαια) (see Heliod. ap. Orib. Coll.med. 44.20.73 [CMG 6.2.1, 141.28 Raed.]).

  • d.10..

    For the integration of [ἐγχει]ρήσεως see Heliod ap. Orib. Coll.med. 45.7.5 [CMG 6.2.1, 165.27 Raed.].

  • d.13-4..

    πῶς γάρ ἀν ποιοῖτο is supplemented by Marganne based on Heliod. ap. Orib. Coll.med. 44.20.37 [CMG 6.2.1, 138.13-4 Raed.].

  • d.15..

    ἐκτμηθεὶς is supplemented by Marganne based on ll. 2-3.

  • d.16-7..

    κατάρρηξις and καταφορὰ imply κοιλίης.

  • d.17-9..

    For the integration τοῖς στύφου[σι καταπλάσμασι τ]ε̣ καὶ προσαντλήμα[σι] see Heliod. ap. Orib. Coll.med. 44.6.1 [CMG 6.2.1, 120.36 Raed.].

  • d.21..

    [καταπάυ]σο̣μεν is integrated by Andorlini based on Gal. San.Tu. 1.15.14 [CMG 5.4.2, 37.11-2 Koch].

  • d.22-3..

    ὑ[πόμνη]μα is supplemented based on Gal. Hipp.Epid. VI 5.36 [CMG 5.10.2.2, 320,19 Pfaff].

  • d.26,minf.

    For the monogram ὑπ(όμνημα) see Turner Greek Manuscripts of Ancient World, London 1987, 34 (n.7).