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Trismegistos 59969 = LDAB 1081



Introduction

Treatise on optical surgery. The papyrus fragment (18 x 14.5 cm) preserves on the recto along the fibres two columns of text of 27 lines each; the intercolumnium is 2 cm wide and only the lower margin survives. The content deals with suitable treatments in case of ῥευματισμός, or phthisis bulbi, an ocular disease considered to be caused by the flux of humors in the eye. In the first column the author explains three kind of surgery: the περισκυθισμός κατὰ θίξιν (by contact), the ὑποσπαθισμός and the περισκυθισμός κατὰ συνσάρκωσιν (by joining fleshes), used also by the surgeon Heraklides. In the second column the περισκυθισμός κατὰ θίξιν is fully explained through two methods, the first one applied by the surgeon Philoxenos, the second one by a group of alexandrine doctors (Sostratos, Heron, Heracleides, Menodoros) and their followers. In the first column (ll. 6-8) the author alludes to another of his work, which could be identified with the first chapter of Heliodorus’ Χειρουργούμενα (ap. Orib. Coll.med. 46.9 [CMG 6.2.1, 218.34-5 Raed.]). If it is, the text survived on the papyrus could be the second book of his surgical treatise. The hand, quite sloping but elegant, is a small cursive and can be dated to the 3rd century AD.

(This papyrus has been digitally edited by Francesca Bertonazzi as part of the Project "DIGMEDTEXT - Online Humanities Scholarship: A Digital Medical Library based on Ancient Texts" (ERC-AdG-2013, Grant Agreement no. 339828) funded by the European Research Council at the University of Parma (Principal Investigator: Prof. Isabella Andorlini). The digital edition is mostly based on the previous editions (ed.pr. = J. Nicole, APF 4, 1908, 147-72; ed.alt. = M.-H. Marganne, "Ophthalmologie", ch. 6; corr. D.S. Crawford, P.FuadUniv. App.1 1).)

DCLP transcription: 59969 [xml]

column I
- ca.32 - ἐ̣ὰν δὲ
[ἐπὶ πλεῖον ἦι] ἐψειλωμέν[ον](*) [τ]ὸ κρά-
[νιο]ν ἐμποδίζον τὴν συνσάρκω-
σιν, ξύσις δοκιμαζέσθω ἢ διὰ κε-
5φαλικῆ̣ς δυνάμ[ε]ω̣ς λεπὶς ἀφιστά-
σθ[ω]· κοινὴν γὰρ ἡ θ[ε]ραπ[ε]ία δεδη-
λω̣μ̣ένη ἐν τῶι πρὸ τούτου ὑπομν[ή-]
ματ[ι] ἐπ[ὶ] τῶν ἐψειλωμένων(*) ὀστ[ῶ]ν̣.
[οὗ]τ̣ος ὁ̣ π̣ε̣ρισκυθισμ̣ὸς̣ [μᾶ]λλον τοῦ
10ἀ[π]ο̣τε̣λ̣έσματος ἔχεται. εὐπρεπέ-
σ̣τ̣ερ̣ό̣ς̣ ἐστιν τούτου καὶ συντομώ-
[τε]ρος πρὸς θεραπείαν ὁ παρ[αδε]δο-
μένος. διόπερ ἀνδρὶ περιπολίζον-
[τι μᾶλ]λον οἰκείωτα̣ι [ο]ὗ̣τ̣[ος] ὁ̣ κ̣ατ̣ὰ̣
15θίξιν περισκυ[θ]ι̣σμὸς καὶ ὁ ὑποσπα-
θισμός. τῶ̣ι̣ δ̣[ὲ] τ̣ο̣ῦ̣ [ἀπ]οτελέσματος
ἐχομέν[ωι](*) κ̣α̣τ̣ὰ̣ σ̣υν̣σ̣ά̣ρκωσιν
ἐπὶ τ[ῆς ἄνω μερίδος](*) ἐνρευμ̣ατι-
ζομέν[ης χρῶ]. εἰ[ὰν δ]ὲ κατὰ χη-
20[λῶ]ν̣ [γίνεται ἐν β]ά̣θει(*) αἱρετώτερός
ἐσ̣[τι] διὰ τὴ̣ν ε̣ὐ̣πρέπ̣ε̣ι̣α̣ν ὁ κατὰ θί-
ξιν π̣ε̣ρ̣[ι]σκ̣[υ]θ̣ι̣σ̣μ̣ός· τότε γὰρ κα[ὶ] ὑπο-
σπαθιζόμε[νοι] οἱ τοιοῦτοι ἀπαλλάσ-
[σ]ονται τοῦ ῥευματισμοῦ, πολὺ μᾶλ-
25λ[ον] π̣ε̣ρισκ̣υθ̣[ι]σθ̣έντες, ὡς δεδή-
λωκε[ν] Ἡρακ̣λ̣είδης βουλόμε-
ν̣ο̣ς̣(*) περ̣ικ̣[ά]μψαι τὴν [ἐ]κ τὴς οὐλῆς
column II
[ἀπρέπειαν](*) [τῶν μυῶν] ἐνρ[ευματιζο-]
μ[έ]ν[ων γέγραπ]ται Φιλοξ[ένωι](*) [μη-]
νοειδ[εῖς διαιρ]έσεις ὑπὲρ τοὺς κρο[τά-]
φους διδόναι. ὥ[σ]περ ἀπὸ̣ τῶ̣ν [ἄνω](*)
5τοῦ μετώπου ῥευματιζομένω[ν ἀπο](*)-
[κ]ωλύεται ἡ ὕλη διὰ τοῦ περισκυ[θισ-]
μοῦ ἐπὶ τοὺς πάσχοντας τόπου[ς]
φέρεσθαι, κατὰ ταὐτὰ καὶ νῦν ἐ[μ-]
[ποδί]ζεται ὁρμᾶν ἐπὶ τοὺς μῦα[ς]
10[ἀφ]’ ὧν(*) ὁ ῥευματισμὸς τῶν ὀφθαλμ[ῶν]
γίνεται· οὐ γὰρ οἷόν τε ἢ τοὺς κροτα-
φ[ί]τας μῦας τέμνειν [ἢ καίει]ν(*) τῆς
[σ]υμπαθίας(*) εὐλαβεία[ι. τοῦ](*) [Φι]λ̣οξ[έ-]
νου χαριέστερον ἐνήργησαν οἱ με-
15τ’ αὐτὸν(*) γενόμενοι οἱ περὶ Σώστρα-
τον, Ἥρωνα, Ἡρακλείδην, Μηνόδ[ω-]
ρον· οὗτοι γὰρ ἠξίωσαν τὰς μηνοει-
δεῖς τομὰς πρὸς τοῖς [δ]εικροῖς(*) ἀνα-
διδόναι ἀπὸ τῶν οὐραχῶν τῶν
20ὀφρύων ἕως τῶν μήλων τέμνο̣ν̣-
τες ὀστώδη μέρη τὰ μεταξὺ τῶν
κροτάφων καὶ τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν
σχηματίζοντες τῶν μηνοειδῶν
διαιρέσεων τὰ μὲν κυρτὰ ἔξω,
25τὰ δὲ μηνοειδῆ ἔνδον. αὗται αἱ
τομαὶ τοπικαὶ οὖσαι μᾶλλον ἔχον-
ται τοῦ ἀποτελέσματος. ἔμπροθεν

Apparatus


^ I.2. l. ἐψιλωμέν[ον]
^ I.8. l. ἐψιλωμένων
^ I.17. ἐχομ̣έν[  ̣  ̣] ὁ̣ prev. ed.
^ I.18. ἐπιτ [  ̣  ̣] ω̣ [  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣] ω̣ [  ̣  ̣] prev. ed.
^ I.18-20. ἐνρευμ̣ατι|ζομένω̣ν̣ [  ̣  ̣] ε̣ι̣δ̣ [  ̣  ̣] ε καταχη|[  ̣  ̣] ν̣ [  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣] α̣θει prev. ed.
^ I.25-27. ὡς δεδή|λωκε[ν] Ἡρακ̣λ̣είδης. βουλόμε|ν̣ο̣ς̣ prev. ed. : ὡς δεδη|λωκα[  ̣  ̣  ̣] (or δεδη|λώκα[μεν] or δεδη|λώκα[σιν]) Ἡρακ̣λ̣είδης. βουλόμε|ν̣ο̣ς̣ Crawford
^ II.1. ἀμορφίαν Ilberg : δυσμορφίαν Olivieri, λ (or ν) | [- ca.14 -] prev. ed.
^ II.1-2. ἐνρ[ευματιζο]|μ[έ]ν[ω   ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣] ται Φιλοξ[εν  ̣  ̣] prev. ed.
^ II.4. ἀπὸ̣ τῶν [  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣] prev. ed.
^ II.5. ῥευματιζομένω [ -ca.?- ] prev. ed.
^ II.10. [  ̣  ̣] των prev. ed.
^ II.12. [ἕνεκε]ν prev. ed.
^ II.13. l. [σ]υμπαθείας
^ II.13. εὐλαβεια [  ̣  ̣  ̣] prev. ed.
^ II.14-15. Crawford : ἐνήργησαν με|τ’ αὐτὸν prev. ed.
^ II.18. l. [δ]ικροῖς

Editorial History; All History; (detailed)

Creative Commons License © Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Notes

  • I.2.

    [ἐπὶ πλεῖον] is supplemented by Ilberg based on Heliod. ap. Orib. Coll.med. 46.9 [CMG 6.2.1, 218.34-5 Raed.].

  • I.18-19.

    ἐνρευμ̣ατιζομέν[ης] is an hapax.

  • I.19.

    The line is supplemented by Ilberg based on Paul. 6.7 [CMG 9.2, 50.1-7 Heib.]; εἰὰν is an equivalent form to ἐὰν.

  • II.1.

    ἀπρέπειαν is supplemented by Ilberg based on Aet. 7.94 [CMG 8.2, 339.32-340.1-2 Oliv.].