Papyri.info

sign in

51 P. Genova 2 = Trismegistos 63098 = LDAB 4301



Introduction

Medical treatise. Fragment (6.5 x 15 cm) of a papyrus roll broken on the upper and left sides. The verso preserves the ends of 26 lines from the lower part of a single column (on the recto, a fragmentary register: PUG 2.59). The text provides a brief and summary description a capite ad calcem of limited portions of the body, specifying, case-by-case, the number of the bones involved. This fragment was probably part of a practical manual De Ossibus (περὶ σκελετοῦ) deigned to aid anatomical teaching. The hand is an informal bookhand with cursive tendencies assignable to the 1st cent. AD.

DCLP transcription: 63098 [xml]

-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1[ -ca.?- ]ι
[ -ca.?- ]αι
[ -ca.?- ]  ̣ς
[ -ca.?- ]ọυ(*)
5[ -ca.?- ]ν
[ -ca.?- ]  ̣  ̣  ̣[- ca.3 -] κ̣αὶ το[  ̣  ̣  ̣]ογ
[ -ca.?- ](*)   ̣ ῥάχεως [  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣]φε
[ -ca.?- ](*) [ -ca.?- ]ονες(*) β πήχεις β
[ -ca.?- ]  ̣ ιβ ἑκά<σ>του δακ(τύλου) γ(*)
10[ -ca.?- ]χ̣ειρα(*) τοῦ αὐτοῦ ἐσ-
[τιν -ca.?- φ]αινομέναις
[ -ca.?- ]δετο(*) καὶ τὸ πλεῖσ-
[τον -ca.?- ]  ̣  ̣ καὶ ἀφερέσεις
[ -ca.?- ] ὡ̣ς ἐπὶ τὸ πολὺ φαινο-
15[ -ca.?- ](*)   ̣ετο   ̣  ̣  ̣τουμ̣ενα ἰσχία β(*)
[ -ca.?- ]  ̣  ̣ πόδες ὀστέα   ̣  ̣(  )σας̣
[ -ca.?- ]   ̣ ιβ(*) καὶ μετὰ τοῦ δύο
[εἶναι τὰ κνήμ]ης(*) καὶ περόνης πέρα-
[τα](*)   ̣  ̣δ̣α{ν}(*) τὸ<ν> αὐτό\ν/ ἐστιν ―
20[ -ca.?- ]μενα(*)· τῶν γὰρ ἐν τῷ
[ -ca.?- ]υ̣ν ἐστιν(*)· ἄλλα(*) πάντα
[ -ca.?- ](*) [ -ca.?- ]α̣ι̣(*)· τὰ δὲ καθ’ ἁρμονία<ν>
[ -ca.?- ]  ̣  ̣(*) ὥστ’ εἶναι καὶ του-
[ -ca.?- ὀ]δόντων εἰς ὅμοια
25[ -ca.?- ]ωπων(*) κα  ̣
[ -ca.?- κα]θ’ ἁρμον[ί]α̣ν̣

Apparatus


^ 4. [ -ca.?- ]ες Migliardi Zingale 1980, 6 prev. ed.
^ 6-7. or τὸ [στρ]ογ|[γύλον -ca.?- ]
^ 7-8. or [περι]φε|[ρ- -ca.?- ]
^ 8. or [ -ca.?- βραχί]ονες Marganne 1981, 339
^ 9. [ -ca.?- σπονδύλω]ν̣ ιβ ε  ̣α του δακ(  ) (or δακ(τύλου)) Migliardi Zingale 1980, 6 prev. ed.
^ 10. or [ -ca.?- ] χ̣εῖρα, or [ -ca.?- ἀντί]χειρα
^ 12. or [συνεδέ]δετο
^ 13-15. or [ἐκφύσε]ι̣ς̣ (or [προσθέσε]ις)(*) καὶ ἀφερέσεις (l. ἀφαιρέσεις) | [τῶν φαλάγγων] ὡ̣ς̣ ἐπὶ τὸ πολὺ φαίνο|[νται -ca.?- ]
^ 15. or κ̣ρ̣α̣τοῦν̣, κ̣ρατούμενα ἰσχία β Migliardi Zingale 1980, 6 prev. ed.
^ 17. or [σπόνδυλοι τοῦ θώρακο]ς ιβ, or [τὰ τῶν πλευρῶ]ν̣ ιβ
^ 18. or [τὰ τῆς κνήμ]ης
^ 18-19. [ἐπὶ τῷ   ̣  ̣  ̣ τῆς κνήμ]η̣ς καὶ περόνης πέρα|τι Migliardi Zingale 1980, 6 prev. ed.
^ 19. or π̣ό̣δ̣α{ν},   ̣νδ̣αν Migliardi Zingale 1980, 6 prev. ed.
^ 20. or [κατὰ τὰ φαινό]μενα, or [ταῦτα δὲ τά φαινό]μενα
^ 21. or [προσώπῳ ν]ῦ̣ν ἐστιν
^ 21. or ἀλλά
^ 22. or [ὀστέα -ca.?- ]
^ 22. or [οὕτως κεῖντ]α̣ι̣, or [ὁμοίως κεῖντ]α̣ι̣
^ 23. or [ -ca.?- τῶν ὀστέω]ν̣ (or [ -ca.?- τῶν ὀστέω]ν̣, ἢ̣)(*), or [ -ca.?- διάκειντ]α̣ι̣
^ 25. or [ -ca.?- προσ]ώπων, or [ -ca.?- ἀνθρ]ώπων

Editorial History; All History; (detailed)

Creative Commons License © Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Notes

  • 1-6.

    The lacuna probably contained a description of the vertebrae (see Andorlini 2006, 87).

  • 9.

    ‘Twelve’ (ιβ) would correspond with the number of the thoracic vertebrae (cf. Gal. Ossibus 13 [2, 763.9-12 K]), but it could also refer to the bones of the hands (see Andorlini 2006, 87-8).

  • 12-5.

    It is difficult to point out the precise topics under discussion here; we can only say that the author seems to oppose ἀφαιρέσεις (‘amputations, removals’) and ἐπιφύσεις / προσθέσεις (‘accretions, attachments’); see Andorlini 2006, 89.

  • 15.

    The beginning of this line remains obscure, but we would expect the femur (μηρός) to be mentioned, see Andorlini 2006, 89.

  • 17.

    The number twelve may refer either to thoracic vertebrae, or, more probably, to ribs (αἱ πλευραί), see again Gal. Ossibus 13 (2, 763.9-12 K).

  • 19.

    It is by no means easy to define what is meant by τὸν αὐτόν.

  • 20.

    τῶν γὰρ ἐν τῷ marks the transition to a new textual section dealing with a different region of the body, maybe the face (πρόσωπον), see Gal. Ossibus 5 (2, 752.14-5 K).